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How important it is for India to switch to E-Vehicles from Diesel/Petrol?

e-vehicle is the future of Indian automobile industry

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It was in 2013 when India revealed National Electric Mobility Plan 2020 i.e. NEMP2020 for boosting e-vehicles in Indian Automobile industry. Priority was to address the growing concerns over National Energy, Vehicular Pollution, Domestic manufacturing capabilities. Government of India in their reiteration over the Paris Agreement has articulated its plan for making big shift in electric powered vehicles in next decade. Though in India the concept of e-vehicles has not gained much mass but it surely has a big opportunity for the auto makers in domestic as well as international markets.

Why E-vehicles are the future of Automobile Industry

  1. Zero Emission Policies: India is a developing nation and hence it goes imperative that pollution levels will be higher than developed countries. With India’s strong interests in Paris Agreement, the government had set a target to make 6 to 7 million electric vehicles by 2020. India has been facinng some drastic environmentally sustainable challenges in recent years due to increased air pollution. The pollution levels in some of India’s major cities like New Delhi, Banaras, Kolkata are something that needs serious attention
  2. An alternative to Fossil fuels: Fossil fuels such as Diesal, Petrol, CNG, Hydrogen are exhausting at a much faster rate than ever. Humans are exploiting nature at a very bad pace where Nature’s self reconstructive capacity is falling short day by day. Also prices of petrol may skyrocket in next decade and will be a costly affair affordable to rich people only
  3. Green Mobility Soluton Provider: Producing e-vehicles is an opportunity for auto manufacturers in India who are eyeing the international market. Also e-vehicles is an answer to a solution where emission of greenhuse gases can be checked
  4. Alarming status of Global Warming: The need for eco friendly automobiles is getting pace all over the world. The major reason behind this is alarming global warming across the globe. The percentage of greenhouse gases like carbon-dioxide, sulphur dioxide and others have increased drastically. Automobiles are obe of major reasons, also in cities like Kolkata, Delhi, Banaras and many more the pollution certification should be made strict and cars without the certificate should be banned on roads. Electric vehicles in this finds better place than diesal/petrol cars for zero emission

Challenges faced by E-Vehicle manufacurers

  1. The Charging Infrastructure: Though the strory of making e-vehicles a common choice for the public sounds very innovative, but major hindrance comes from less available charging infrastructure. There are very few charging stations and hence creates a long que for people to get their vehicles charges. As per reports, Ola had planned to install 50 charging stations in Nagpur, but it took 5 months to get clearence from government. Several automakers demands government’s push to encourage their model for e-vehicles whether be it a car, scooter, tracktor, bur etc. These adds to the cold response for acceptance of e-vehicles in Indian market at present
e-vehicle charging station displaying how EVs are charged
Pic 1 EV Charging Station
  1. Cost of electric powered vehicles: Another set back for slow growth in electric motor vehicles is their cost. Compared to other models battery operated vehicles having similar features are almost 10% – 15% costlier than others
  2. Standardised batteries: Another issue hanging on the EV Industry’s shoulder is the blurred spefication of batteries used in different electric vehicles. This means not all vahiclles have similar voltage of batteries. The variation from 12V to 60V adds to the problems for existing charging stations to cater to all categories. Not just the voltage the size of batteries also varries from one manufacturer to another. Making the batteries standardized will reduce the hassle for buyers and help the electricity powered automobiles to flourish
Standardised Batteries for e-vehicles will help the buyers to purchase EVs over Diesal/Petrol cars
Using Standardised Battery can lower the issues for EV Industry
  1. Demand supply gap for Electric Vehicle Industry: The introduction of electric vehicles in automobile industry adds pressure for more electricity generation. For a country like India where the electricity consumption is massive and renewal sources not utilized fairly, it is required that government promote other sources of energy such as solar panels, wind mills, hydro power etc. This is required to push the electric vehicle industry towards mass acceptance

To quote the words of Anand Ayyadurai, CEO and cofounder of VOGO bike rental platform, 

“The government must look into standardising the EV-related infrastructure. For instance, what should be the battery voltage which currently varies from 12V, 24V, 36V, 48V to 60V? Similar is the case with their current specification. The battery size should also be standardised. It varies from one manufacturer to another. This will help develop modular infrastructure, which will make things easier for buyers.”

Anand Ayyadurai told Inc Media

Several other organizations Startups, governmental and non governmental have come up and spreading awareness about clean energy and save environment. I personally was having a conversation with an e-rickshaw driver who told me about Mahindra’s new model of electric driven rickshaws capable running for almost 8 hours after charging of just 3 hours. Government is introducing new schemes for encouraging buyers for selecting e-vehicles over petro/diesal/cng . This will not only improve the environment but also reduce dependency on oil imports which takes away big chunk of country’s resource. If asked do you want your children to open eyes in a clean world or in a world dealing with oil crisis

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